Other Collaborative Projects
Other on-going collaborative CAST research projects.
- Translations of Security
- National Security and the Transformation of Bureaucratic Ethics
- Science and Security Expertise: Authority, Subjectivity, Knowledge
- Security Experts and Expertise
- Greenland in the Margin of Europe: Post-Colonial Sovereignty Games
- Religion as Security Issue
- The Sociology of Security Studies
- The Nordic Countries and the European Union
- Constrasting Allison, Challenging Waltz: Geopolitics and the Study of Foreign Policy
- Danish Counter-Piracy Policy: a Smart State Strategy for High Politics?
Translations of Security
Trine Villumsen Berling, Karen Lund Petersen, Ulrik Pram Gad and Ole Wæver
A book project is financed by the University of Copenhagen, run by Trine Villumsen Berling, Ulrik Pam Gad, Karen Lund Petersen and Ole Wæver. The book attempts to take security studies beyond the established theoretical debates and schools and ask how security is translated within different fields and spheres. In contemporary security, an increasingly wide range of agencies, organizations and businesses play a central role in defining security policy and security political knowledge. This ‘diffusion’ of security knowledge and management changes the mere meaning of our concepts and practices of security; the meaning and management of threats, risks, dangers and security. The book will focus on how different spheres and organizations incorporate, manage, challenge, mimic or even transform knowledge and practices.
National Security and the Transformation of Bureaucratic Ethics
Karen Lund Petersen and Vibeke Schou Tjalve
A research project run by Karen Lund Petersen and Vibeke Schou Tjalve, DIIS, which address what contemporary changes in the practices of national security politics does to the conventional modes of thinking about bureaucratic ethics. What happens to core bureaucratic principles such as regularity, predictability, responsibility, accountability, transparency when the administration of national security policies are reorganized (and decentralized) to meet the demands of rupture, complexity and improvization?National Security and the Transformation of Bureaucratic Ethics.
Science and Security Expertise: Authority, Subjectivity, Knowledge
Trine Villumsen Berling, Maya Pasgaard, Dagmar Rychnovská
Science and scientific knowledge - especially in the area of natural/ `hard` or ‘wet’ sciences - have traditionally held a special status in society. With the rise of risk management practices in security politics and the securitization of novel issues in new contexts, scientists and other experts become increasingly involved in security politics, whether by explicitly taking part in the decision-making process, serving as advisors, expressing their opinion in media, or even implementing (security) policies. This special issue seeks to unpack these novel connections between security and (scientific) expertise and address some of the new questions this trend and its implications bring about. Focusing on specific empirical cases climate science, the securitization of rare earth elements, and human geography, the authors address the following aspects:
- Authority: Under what conditions are scientists authorized to speak security and with what possible political and (un)democratic consequences? How are the rules for scientific engagement in security governance made, upheld, and challenged in specific fields?
- Subjectivity: How is the subjectivity of experts constructed and practiced? How do experts relate to security professionals, decision-makers as well as the governed subject(s)?
- Knowledge: What kinds of knowledge do scientists/experts provide and to whom? How is the boundary between scientific/expert knowledge and political decision constructed? How is security knowledge co-produced by different actors?
Security Experts and Expertise
Trine Villumsen Berling
This research project investigates the possible roles of security experts in a time of securitization. What types of connections to the world of practice are available to the security analyst when objective truths are questioned? And how does science mechanisms influence political practice in various ways? Output includes:
Forthcoming. Berling, T.V. & Büger, C. 'Towards Practical Reflexivity: Organic, Collective and Ironic Strategies for Engaging with Practice', journal article under preparation
2013. Berling, T.V. & Bueger C. (2013) 'Practical Reflexivity, Dilemmas, and Coping Strategies', PS: Political Science & Politics, Vol. 46(1), pp. 115-119
2011. Berling, T.V. (2011) 'Securitization and Science. Objectivation, the authority of the speaker and mobilization of scientific facts', Security Dialogue, vol. 42, no. 4-5.
2010. Villumsen, T., Büger, C. 'Security Expertise after Securitization: Coping with Dilemmas of Engaging with practice'. Paper presented at the ISA conference, 17-20 February 2010, New Orleans.
2009. CAST Inspirational Workshop 'Expert roles' held February 2009, University of Copenhagen.
Greenland in the Margin of Europe: Post-Colonial Sovereignty Games
Ulrik Pram Gad and Rebecca Adler-Nissen
The project analyses the relations between the EU and a series of post-colonial micro-states in the margin of Europe: the self-governing "overseas countries or territories" of an EU member state and the Nordic microstates (Greenland, Iceland, French Polynesia, British Virgin Islands, etc.). On the one hand, these microstates seek an independent sphere of action in relation to their metropole - on the other hand, they develop an intimate relation to the European Union. The project analyses sovereignty games to which this double movement gives rise. The comparative project was co-directed by Rebecca Adler-Nissen and Ulrik Pram Gad, and was co-financed by the Danish Social Science Research Council, Carlsberg Foundation, Augustinus Foundation, Stjerngren's Foundation, and Letterstedska Foundation. 6 theoretical contributions and 13 case studies has been published in:
Adler-Nissen & Gad (eds) (2013) "European Integration and Postcolonial Sovereignty Games. The EU Overseas Countries and Territories", Routledge's New International Relations series
Gad & Adler-Nissen (eds) (2014) special issue on "Post-imperial Sovereignty Games in Norden"; Cooperation and Conflict (39:1).
A forthcoming book (in Museum Tusculanum's book series 'Monographs on Greenland / Man & Society') unfolds the Greenlandic case by analyzing how the Greenlandic self-image as being on the way to sovereignty – and the tensions involved in this image –structures the triangular relation between the EU, Greenland and Denmark. As such, a central condition for a continued 'Community of the Realm' between Greenland and Denmark is the idea that Greenland still needs external assistance in its development towards independence. However, the bilateral relation between Denmark and Greenland has gradually been opened up to involve other Others - or, in other words: Greenlandic national identity is gradually becoming post-colonial even if sovereignty is still postponed to the future. The book approaches these changes in national identity discourse and practical foreign policy with two analytical strategies: a discourse analysis reads Danish and Greenlandic political debates, and practical diplomacy is uncovered via qualitative interviews with key actors (politicians, civil servants, and diplomats from Greenland, Denmark and the EU). Spin offs in Politik 14(1) and Grønlandsk Kultur- og Samfundsforskning (2012).
Religion as a Security Issue
What security dynamics are characteristic of situations where the threat is defined in terms of religion - either religion as the threat or religion as that which is threatened? How can insights from security theory and sociology of religion be combined to produce a better understanding of religion as a security issue? And on this basis, can we get a better grasp of the ‘big conflicts' around ‘the West', ‘Islam' and ‘secularism' as they play out mostly between and within the US, Europe and the Middle East? The theoretical ambitions of the project point to potential benefits for both security studies and the study of radical religious politics, while the empirical and policy oriented aspiration is to point to escalatory dynamics that could be mitigated with the help of conflict theory.
This is a research project carried out by Ole Wæver and partly financed by the Danish Research Council in a previous year. Work is being completed currently on a monograph, a policy article and a theory article for a peer reviewed journal. A joint article with Mona K. Sheikh is closely related to this project.
The Sociology of Security Studies
Ole Wæver, Trine Villumsen Berling, Lene Hansen, Barry Buzan, Arlene Tickner, Heine Andersen, Christian Knudsen and Kristoffer Kropp
Security studies emerged in the years after world war two as a particular form of interdisciplinary, civilian expertise in a field previously reserved for military professionalism. The field professionalised, became largely subsumed into international relations / political science, and developed a complicated relationship to both academic theory and policy making. What social and cognitive structures did the field form at this intersection? What kind of intellectual field is security studies, how has it changed in recent years, and does it increasingly take distinct avenues in Europe, the US and maybe also other parts of the world?
The sociology of science angle on the field at large will mainly be pursued by Ole Wæver, but in close connection with Trine Villumsen's projects on think tanks and expertise, and work by Lene Hansen and Barry Buzan on the history of ‘security studies'. Wæver's short term outputs in this area include an article together with Barry Buzan, and an article in a forthcoming anthology edited by Arlene Tickner and Ole Wæver on how key concepts in International Relations theory are conceptualized differently around the world. In a collaborative project with Heine Andersen, Christian Knudsen and Kristoffer Kropp, a case study of security studies will be compared to other disciplines, sub-disciplines and inter-disciplines in the social sciences.
The Nordic Countries and the European Union
Anders Wivel, Peter Nedergaard, Caroline Howard Grøn, Martin Marcussen
This research project brings together a group of leading international experts on Nordic EU policy in order to explain the development of the relationship between the Nordic countries and the EU over the past decades.
The book is organized in sections exploring historical relations, major policy areas, European institutions and Europeanization. Anders Wivel manages the project with Nedergaard and Grøn and contributes three chapters: Introduction and conclusion to the volume (co-authored with Grøn and Nedergaard) and a chapter on the Europeanization of the foreign and security policies of the Nordic states (co-authored with Martin Marcussen). The final output is an anthology expected to be published by Routledge in 2015. The project has received financial support from Centre for European Politics, University of Copenhagen.
Constrasting Allison, Challenging Waltz: Geopolitics and the Study of Foreign Policy
Anders Wivel and Hans Mouritzen
This article contributes to a symposium on Mouritzen and Wivel (2012) Explaining Foreign Policy: International Diplomacy and the Russo-Georgian War in International Politics Reviews. The article discusses the importance of geopolitics for foreign policy in the context of major perspectives on foreign policy analysis. Expected publication: 2014.
Danish Counter-Piracy Policy: a Smart State Strategy for High Politics?
Anders Wivel and Ulrik Trolle Smed
This article takes its theoretical point of departure in the smart state framework developed by Grøn and Wivel in ‘Maximizing Influence in the European Union after the Lisbon Treaty: From Small State Policy to Smart State Strategy’, Journal of European Integration 33(5): 523-539. This theoretical framework is further developed discussing its potential for understanding small state foreign policy choices outside the EU and the revised framework is applied on Danish counter-piracy policy, and potential lessons for other small states are discussed. Development of theoretical framework and interviews are expected to take place in the spring and summer of 2014, and the analysis and finalization of the manuscript in the latter half of 2014.