From alliance dilemma to integration dilemma: Small NATO member state defence policy in times of austerity

CAST Research Seminar with Anders Wivel "From alliance dilemma to integration dilemma: Small NATO member state defence policy in times of austerity".

The combined defence budgets of the 19 smallest NATO member states constitute only 5 percent of total NATO defence spending, and many small member states are looking to reduce defence spending further. Smart defence is one way of combining economic austerity with developing defence capabilities. However, while offering answers to some traditional small state concerns about national security, smart defence exacerbates small state challenges related to national autonomy and sovereignty. The paper argues that the smart defence problematique is transforming the traditional alliance dilemma into an integration dilemma. After unpacking the characteristics of the integration dilemma in alliance politics, the paper analyses the consequences of this development for small NATO member states and discusses their future options.